Métis Nations of Canada
“Métis” means a person who self-identifies as Métis, is distinct from other Aboriginal peoples, is of historic Métis Nation Ancestry and who is accepted by the Métis Nation.”
In 2003, the Supreme Court of Canada confirmed that Métis are a rights-bearing Aboriginal people. Its judgement in R. v. Powley set out the components of a Métis definition for the purpose of claiming Aboriginal rights under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. These are:
• Self-identification as a member of a Métis community.
• Ancestral connection to the historic Métis community whose practices ground the right in question
• Acceptance by the modern community with continuity to the historic Métis community.
The Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) registry was established in 1994 to identify and register Métis citizens and harvesters who are eligible rights holders in the province of Ontario.
Métis people who are ordinarily citizens of Ontario can make an application for citizenship to the MNO. The applications are assessed by an independent Registrar who approves for citizenship those applicants who meet the criteria set out in the National Definition for Métis, adopted at the Métis National Council’s 18th General Assembly in 2002 and subsequently accepted by the MNO.
The Manitoba Métis are highly mobile, and dispersed across and beyond the Métis Nation Homeland. We are a community based on identity, history, family, economic, and other relationships. Our families and lands go well past the historic and present-day borders of Manitoba. Our people do not want their families split up by arbitrary and artificial borders - to be defined by boundaries not Métis-made nor of Métis-choosing. At the 2014 Annual General Assembly, our Citizens declared and passed a resolution stating it is no longer necessary to be a Manitoba resident to be an MMF Citizen.
Métis Nation–Saskatchewan represents Métis citizens living in Saskatchewan. As such, the MN-S strives for the political, legal and constitutional recognition and guarantee of the rights of its People, including the right to a land and resource base, self-government and self-government institutions.
The role of Métis citizens in governance is to establish, amend and enforce the Métis Nation of Saskatchewan Constitution, to organize Métis citizens in their respective communities, and to participate in nation building in a good way.
As per the Métis National Council, ‘Métis means a person who self-identifies as a Métis, is distinct from other aboriginal peoples, is of historic Métis Nation ancestry, and is accepted by the Métis Nation.’ Historic Métis Nation ‘means the Aboriginal people then known as Métis or half-breeds who resided in the Historic Métis Nation Homeland.’ Métis Nation ‘means the Aboriginal people descended from the Historic Métis Nation, which now comprised of all Métis Nation peoples and is one of the “aboriginal peoples of Canada” as defined in s.35 of the Constitution Act 1982.’
The Métis Nation British Columbia (MNBC) represents nearly 70,000 self-identified Métis people in British Columbia, of that, nearly 16,000 are provincially registered Métis Citizens with MNBC. Recognized by the Métis National Council, the Provincial Government of British Columbia and the Federal Government of Canada the Métis Nation British Columbia is the official governing body of the Métis in BC.
Métis Nation British Columbia will build a proud, self-governing, sustainable Nation in recognition of Inherent Rights for our Métis citizens.
Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak , carrying on business as “Women of the Métis Nation” (WMN), is the national body that represents the interests of Métis Women and provides them a much-needed voice at the local, provincial, national and international level. It is WMN’s primary goal to improve the lives and well-being of Métis Women and the Métis Nation. WMN invites the participation of all Métis Women in the formulation of its policies and strategies for dealing with issues important to Métis Women and their communities.